Obstacles in Public Transport: What Solutions for Physical Disability?
Wheelchair, crutches, bad balance, but also heavy luggage, strollers, young children… 30 to 40% of public transport users are in a situation of reduced mobility and 6.6% of the US population is living with an ambulatory disability. The removal of physical barriers is a prerequisite for their access to the transportation network, but also a huge challenge for transport network operators, especially when the infrastructure is old.
Let’s have a look at existing solutions and services. Get inspired by the transport networks that get it right!
What are the physical obstacles encountered in public transport?
Imagine yourself in front of a 15-inch step using a wheelchair, lengthening your trip by half an hour because of a broken down elevator, passing the safety gates with a large and heavy suitcase, going down 3 floors with your stroller and your baby in your arms, etc.
Reducing physical barriers in public transport is a real need for people with reduced mobility and physical disability.
Here are some examples of physical barriers that can be found in public transportation:
⊗ Unsuitable steps,
⊗ Significant differences in height between floors,
⊗ Long distances,
⊗ Slippery floors,
⊗ Excessive space between the platform and the vehicle,
⊗ Access heights too important.
These difficulties mainly concern people with ambulatory disabilities but can be extended to all people with reduced mobility.
What are the solutions to reduce obstacles in public transport for people with a physical disability?
Planning ahead: tips and tricks to travel serenely
To save time and avoid unpleasant surprises (elevator down, stairs at the entrance …), planning ahead is a key step.
Many websites and mobile applications, often unknown to users, allow to locate accessible places and to be informed in real time of the level of accessibility of infrastructures. Among the best known are: wheelmap and access earth.
In addition, most cities like Chicago, Toronto and London provide users with a journey planner taking into account the network’s accessibility.
Facilities adapted for people with reduced mobility
In the United States for exemple, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is the landmark civil rights law that deals with the rights of persons with disabilities. Title II of the ADA “prohibits discrimination based on disability in public transport such as city buses and public railways”. The regulation imposes certain standards on transport networks, such as the requirement to provide disability access in new vehicles and paratransit services to those who cannot use public transportation.
Some transport network operators go beyond legal obligations and address custom-made arrangements to people with motor disabilities.
Here is a non-exhaustive list of the different accessibility solutions dedicated to people with reduced mobility all over the world:
⊗ In Lyon, France, all metro stations are equipped with lifts and dedicated gates,
⊗ The subway of New York City is equipped with AutoGate: an automatic entry/exit gate
⊗ In Montreal, all metros and buses are accessible for wheelchair users (elevators, front-door access ramps…)
⊗ In Barcelona, a stop request button and a request button of the ramp has been set up in the buses to simplify the wheelchair exit,
⊗ Several metro lines in the world have a retractable threshold in order to fill the space between the platform and the vehicule,
⊗ Throughout Spain, a dedicated spot in buses is equipped with a belt and a grab bar that secures people in wheelchairs,
⊗ Many European buses have a validation terminal located in front of the access ramp preventing wheelchair users from having to move to the back of the bus,
⊗ The city of Toulouse in France has implemented a lowered card transport validation in buses.
Services adapted for people with reduced mobility
Reducing barriers in public transport also means providing services to people with motor disabilities.
Alternative modes of transport at the public transport rate is often offered in the event of a hazard and to those who cannot use public transport. In some cities, a free accompaniment service by qualified members of staff is offered. Other cities have also developed an ambulatory ambassador service. Disabled users advise and accompany those in need to better understand their difficulties and overcome them. Uber and Lyft both provide handicap-accessible transportation. Depending on the area, you may need to plan and pay more than a traditional ride. However, those private rideshare services can fill occasional needs.
If leaving the house is often an expedition for people with a physical disability, this is not inevitable. As an accessibility actor of your public transport network, you have the power to improve the situation of at least 30% of your users. Lifts, access ramps, adapted furniture, real-time information on network accessibility, paperless ticketing, assistance services…, many solutions have proved successfully. Before setting up one or the other, we recommend that you look for feedback and organize a consultation with users of your network with disabilities to identify their difficulties, because what works well somewhere may need to be adapted elsewhere.
If you like this article you will also like this one: Making Public Transport Information Accessible to Disabled People
Of the nearly 2 million people with disabilities who never leave their homes, 560,000 never leave home because of transportation difficulties.
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